India’s train network links thousands of cities, towns, and towns. It’s the way that Indians are moving around the world. Thanks to impressive engineering features, many tracks across the varied environments of India, like over hills, bridges, and along the sea. Not only train a practical mode of transportation for travelers, but they are also in their own right a sightseeing experience and offer a unique insight into Indian culture.

There are numerous advantages to traveling by train than a road. Right from having a bathroom on the trains, sleeping facilities, and food for Train Journeys, railways make the traveling more relaxed and comfortable. And they’re cheapest of all with all the necessary facilities needed. More than the roadways, the rail tracks are hard to lay.

The railway track gauge is defined as a simple minimum vertical distance between the inner sides of two tracks. That is, on any railway line, the gap between the two tracks is known as the railway gauge. About 60% of the world’s railways use a 1,435 mm standard gauge. Throughout India, four types of railway gauge are used is Broad gauge, Metre Gauge, Narrow gauge, and Standard gauge.


Broad gauge is also referred to as a wide gauge or large line. In these railroad gauges, the distance between the two tracks is 1676 mm (5 ft 6 inches). We can say that any tracks that are broader than the standard gauge or 1,435 mm are called the broad gauge. Broad railway gauge is also used in crane ports, etc. It provides better balance and is even better than thinner gauges.


The range is 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3/8 inches) between the two lines. The metre gauge lines were made in the first place to decrease the budget and cost. The Unigauge project converts all meter gauge lines except the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, which is a legacy into broad gauge in India.


It is called the small gauge or a small line. The narrow-gauge railway is the railway line at a length of 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) and 2 ft (610 mm) between two platforms. There was a 1,500 km narrow gauge railway in 2015, which is considered to be about 2 percent of India’s overall railway network.The small lines are now being turned into large ones. Trains with small bogies won’t be able to see much else.


In this railway gage, the distance between the two tracks is 1435 mm (4 ft 8½ in). Throughout India, only urban rail transit systems such as Metro, Monorail, and Tram use standard gauge. The Kolkata (Calcutta) tram system was the only standard gauge line throughout India by 2010.The subway lines arriving at urban areas will only be made in the standard gauge soon.

Our Indian Railways keeps getting upgraded with new innovation.  Even initiatives has been taken to convert all the railway tracks into standard gauge on a convenience basis and to make our journey more easy and comfortable.


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